LLB.(Hons) (First Year) Ist Semester :

LLB.(Hons) (First Year) Ist Semester  :




(a) History-Meaning and Methodology

(b) Relationship between Law and History




: Polity, State and Administration : Society and Economy : Legal System and Institutions Ancient India and Medieval India

1. H.V.Sreeniwasmurthy, History

2. Habib & Nizami, Comprehensive History of India

3. Bipan Chandra, India's Struggle for Independence


LLB.(Hons) (First Year) Ist Semester

Paper II


Unit I: Basic Concepts

Sociology, Meaning, Scope and Subject matter. Society, Community, Association, Institutes,

Mores Social Group: Meaning and Classification of Social groups, Family, Traditional and


Unit II: Pioneers of Social Thought

Auguste Comte: Law of three stages, Positivism and Religion of humanity

Emile Durkhum: Social Solidarity, The theory of Division of Labour, theory of Religion and


Karl Marx: Maxim Concept of Social change, Class struggle, Division of Labour

Marweber: Sociology of Religion, The Concept of authority and the Concept of Social action

Unit III: Social Change and Social Control

Social Change, meaning, factors, Distinction between Social and Cultural Change

Social Control, Meaning and importance of Social control, Means of Social Control, Public

opinion and propaganda, Renowned and Punishment, Agencies of Social Control: Religion,

Family and State

Unit IV: Sociology of Profession

Profession and Professionalisms, Distinction between Profession and Occupation. Society and

Professional Ethics, Sociology of Law, Relationship between Law and Society.


1. Maclver & Page 'Society': An Introductory Analysis

2. M.Haralambos 'Sociology': Theme and Perspectives

3. T.B.Bottomore 'Sociology': A Guide to problems and Literature

4. David G. Mandelbaum 'Society in India'

5. Ram Ahuja, Society in India.

6. M.S.A. Rao, Urbanization and Social Change

7. Yogendra Singh, Modernization of Indian Tradition

8. Abraham: Social Thinkers

9. Roueek: Social Control

10. K.M. Kapadia: Marriage & Family in India


LLB.(Hons) (First Year) Ist Semester




: Introduction of Economics

Nature and Significance of Economics

Micro and Macro Economics, Positive and Normative Economics

Economic Theory of Democracy

Economics and Law

Basic Concepts: Equilibrium, Marginal Utility, Opportunity Cost, Black Money, Price, Direct and

Indirect Taxes

Unit-II: Demand and Supply

Law of Demand and Supply

Elastic ity of demand and its Application

Law of diminishing marginal utility and equi-marginal utility

Indifference curve Analysis-Assumptions and Consumer’s Equilibrium.

Consumer’s Surplus

Unit-III: Market Structure

Classification of Markets

Revenue and Cost curves

Price and output under perfect competition and Monopoly

Cartels and Dumping

Anti-monopoly laws

Unit-IV: Factor Pricing

Theory of wages

Exploitation of labour

Rent: Ricardian and Modern Theories

Land Reforms

Interest: Liquidity Preference Theory

Risk and Uncertainty Theories of Profit.


1. Amos Witztum, Economics, An Analytical Introduction, 2005 Oxford University


2. Alfred W. Stonier & Doughlas C. Hague, A Text Book of Economic Theory

3. Lipsey, Principles of Positive Economic

4. P.A.Samuelson and Nordhaus, Economics


LLB.(Hons) (First Year) Ist Semester

Paper IV

Political Science-I

Unit I: Introduction to Political Science

Nature of Political Science

Scope of Political Science

Relation of Political Science with Law

Methods and Approaches of the study of Political Science

Unit-II: The State

Definition of State

Elements of State

Theories of origin of State-Devine force, Social contract, Patriarchal & Matriarchal and

Development or evolutionary theory.

Theories of State action-Individualistic, Socialists and Concept of Welfare State

Unit III: Nature and Pattern of Government

Democracy-Concept of Democracy, condition for the successful working of democracy

Presidential and Parliamentary form of Government

Unitary and federal form of Government and Swis model

Organization of Government-Executive, Legislature and Judiciary

Unit IV: Different Theories of Political Science -

Theory of Sovereignty-Definition, Characteristics and John Austin’s theory of sovereignty

Concept of Law-Definition and sources

Concept of liberty and equality

Political Parties and Pressure Groups


1. Eddy Asirvatham & K.K.Misra, Political Theory

2. A.C. Kapur, Principles of Political Science

3. Myneni, Political Science for Law students.

4. R.C. Agarwal, Rajneeti Vigyan Ke Siddhant

5. B.K. Tewari, Rajneeti Sheshtra Ke Siddhant


LLB.(Hons) (First Year) Ist Semester

Paper V


Unit I: Personality: Meaning and Definition

Determinants of Personality

Heredity, Environment and Situational Factors

Theories of Personality: Trait Theory, Type Theory, Psycho Analytic Theory, Meemastic Theory

and Learning Theory.

Unit II: Attitude

Meaning and Definition

Types of Attitude

Formation of Attitude

Negative Attitude and Objective

Building positive attitude

Situational Analysis of Attitude


Biases, Prejudices and blind Spots

Unit III: Motivation

Theories of Motivation

Various Motives: Biological and Social Motives

Motives to know and Be effective

Frustration and conflict of Motives.

Unit IV: Leadership and Te am Building



Characteristics of headershp

Team Building

Text Books

1. Morgans: Introduction to Psychology

2. R.A.Baron: Social Psychology

3. J.R.Gnow : Psychology


LLB.(Hons) (First Year) Ist Semester

Paper VI

National Movement and Indian Constitution

Unit I

The birth and growth of Nationalism in India

The Indian National Congress

The Moderates and the Extremist

Land marks of Indian National Movement: Non-cooperation

Civil disobedience and Quit India Movements, The Indian Independence Act, 1947

Unit II

The making of the Indian Constitution

Salient features of the Constitution

Fundamental Right and Duties

Directive Principles of State Policy

Indian Federal System

Centre-State Relation.

Unit III

The Union Government, State Government

The President, The Governor

The Prime Min ister, the Council of Ministers

The Parliament, State Legislature (Uni cameral and Bi cameral)

The Supreme Court, the High Court

Unit IV

Panchayati Raj, Institution of Local Self Government

Statutory Institution: UPSC/EC/BCC/NHRC/NCW/NDC/Planning Commission


1. S.P.Aiyar & U Mehta (eds)-Essays on Indian Federalism

2. G.Austin, The Indian Constituion: Corner Stone of a Nation.

3. D.D.Basu, An Introduction to the Constitution of India

4. M.V.Pylee, Constitutional Government in India

5. R.C.Agarwal, National Movement & Constitutional Development


LLB.(Hons) (First Year) Ist Semester

Paper VII

General English-I

Unit I: Grammar and Usage

Tense and concord, Prepositions, Correct use of Articles, Basic transformations-Activepassive,

Direct-Indirect, Negative-affirmative, Question tags and short responses, Simple,

Compound and Complex sentences, Conditional sentences.

Unit II: Vocabulary

Legal terms, Legal Maxims, Idioms, One word substitution, Some common error.

Unit III: Composition

Paragraph Writing (Maximum 100 words), Descriptive paragraph, Paragraph of argument,

Formal correspondence, Legal correspondence.

Unit IV: Translation

Hindi To English, English to Hindi


1. Wren & Martin, English Grammar

2. P.K.Mishra, Legal Language and Legal Writing

3. J.S.Singh, Legal Language, Writing and General English

4. Ministry of Law, Justice & Company Affairs, Govt. of India, Legal Glossary

5. Herbert Brown, A Selection of Legal Maxims (Reprint 1998) Sweet & Maxwell.

6. Black's, Law Dictionary (2000), Universal, Delhi.

7. Broom's, Legal Maxim, (2000), Universal, Delhi


LLB.(Hons) (First Year) IIst Semester

Paper I : History-II

Unit I : Early Developments (1600-1836)

Charters of the East India Company: 1600, 1661, 1726 and 1753

Settlements: Surat, Madras, Bombay and Calcutta

Courts: Mayor’s Court of 1726 and Supreme Court of 1774

Statutes: Regulating Act, 1773, Pitts India Act, 1784, The Act of Settlement, 1781

Conflict: Raja Nand Kumar, Patna Case and Cossijurah

Warren Hastings : Judicial Plans of 1772, 1774 and 1780

Lord Cornwallis: Judicial Plans of 1787, 1790 and 1793

Lord William Bentinck (With special focus on Appraisal of Criminal Law)

Unit II : Evolution of law and legal institutions

Development of personal laws

Development of law in Presidency Towns

Development of Civil law in Mufassil: Special emphasis on justice, equity and good conscience

Codification of laws: Charter of 1833, the First Law Commission, the Charter of 1853, The

Second Law Commission

Establishment of High Courts, 1861

Privy Council and Federal Court: Appeals and working of Privy Council, Appraisal of Privy

Council, Features of Federal Court

Evaluation: Special Reference to Racial Discrimination, Merit and Demerits

Unit III: Legal Profession and Education

Early Development through Mayor’s Court, Supreme Court, Company’s Adalat, High Court,

Legal Practitioners Act of 1879, The Chamier and Indian Bar Committee of 1951

The Advocates Act of 1961: Provisions and Disciplinary powers

Law Reporting: Theory of Precedent, Features of Law Reporting from 1773 to 1950

Legal Education: History and Basic Aims of Legal Education

Unit IV: Constitutional History

The Indian Councils Act, 1861

The Indian Councils Act, 1892

The Indian Councils Act, 1909

The Government of India Act, 1919

The Government of Indian Act, 1935


LLB.(Hons) (First Year) IIst Semester

Paper II


Unit I: Development of Indian Society

Development from Vadic to Post Vedic Society, Indian traditional order, Ashram and Varna

System, Sanskars, Indian Cultural Values and their importance

Unit II: Composition of Indian Society

Rural and Urban Society, Meaning and their characteristics, Rural-Urban Linkage, Geographical

determination, Social stratification and its traditional basis, Joint family : meaning, characteristics,

merits and demerits, Caste: meaning, characteristic, merits and demerits and recent changes in the

Caste System, Caste and class in India

Unit III: Weaker Sections of Society in India

Schedule Caste, Minorities, Tribes: Meaning, Features, Problem and their Classification, Other

Backward Class

Unit IV: Trends of Social change in India

A Shift from Tradition to Modernity. Process of Westernization, Modernization, Globalization,

Sanskritization, Liberalization, National building and Women empowerment

LLB.(Hons) (First Year) IIst Semester

Paper III


Unit-I: Money, Banking and Employment

Concept and Measures of Money Supply

Inflationary Dymamics

Functions of Banks: RBI, Commercial Banks and Other Financial Institutions.

Money Market and Capital Market

Basic Concepts of Natural Income: GNP, NNP and GDP

Say’s Law of Market

Income and Employment Determination: Keynesian Framework

Unit-II: Macro Economic Policies

Techniques of Monetary Management

Fiscal Policy for Equitable Growth

Union Budget: Structure and Measures of Fiscal Imbalances.

Poverty, Unemployment and Inequality: Challenges and Strategies

Globalization: Policy Perspectives and Implications.

Unit-III: International Trade

International Trade: Rationale and Gains

Free trade versus protection

Balance of Payments: Theory and Policy

International Institutions-IMF, WTO and WB

Foreign Exchange Management

International Trade Laws

Unit-IV: Indian Economic Development

Struecture and Features of Indian Economy

Approaches to Rural Development

Indian Agriculture: Emerging Challenges and Strategies

Five Year Plans: Planning Commission and Finance Commission

Economics Reforms: Rationale, Dimensions and Implications

Economics Policy Legislation: FEMA, FRBMA, NREGA


1. Kishore G. Kulkarni, Modern Monetary Theory, 1999

2. H.L. Bhatia, Public Finance

3. Uma Kapila, Indian Economic Development

4. R. Dutt and Sunderam, Indian Economy. S.Chand and co.

5. Thomas Dernberg and Duncan McDougall (1976), Macro Economics, Mc Graw Hill, New


LLB.(Hons) (First Year) IIst Semester

Paper IV

Political Science -II

Unit I

Plato: Justice and ideal State

Aristotle : State, Classification of Government and Citizenship

Cicero: Concept of Law

Unit II


Thomas Hobbes: Concept of Absolute Monarchy

John Lock: Concept of Liberal Democracy

J.J.Rousseau: Concept of Popular Sovereignty

Unit III

Machiavelli: State craft

J.S.Mill: Concept of Liberty

Carl Marx: Class struggle and views on state and law

Unit IV

Manu: Raj, Dharma

Kautilya: Saptang and state craft

Gandhi: Ideal State


1. Sabina, History of Political Theory

2. Sukhvir Singh, Western Political Thought

3. Barker, Greek Philosophy

4. V.P.Verma, Indian Political Thinkers

5. Phabhu Dutt Sharma, Pashchatya Rajneetik Vicharon Ka Itihass


LLB.(Hons) (First Year) IIst Semester

Paper V

Psychology -II

Unit I: Communication


Types and Directions to Communication

Approaches to Communication

Barriers to Communication

Communication Process

Channels of Communication

Unit II: Client Interviewing

Meaning and Significance

Different Components: Listening, types of questions asked, Information gathering, Report

formation, Ethical consideration

Unit III: Legal Counselling

Definition and its differentation from general counselling

Different types of counselling

Approaches to Counselling

Training Skills : Simulated exercises

Unit IV: Legal Reasoning

Legal Reasoning: Definition, Components of Legal Reasoning, Deductive and Inductive

Reasoning, Levi's and Bodenheimer's Model of Legal Reasoning

Law and Logic : Aristotelian Logic and Syllogism.

Significance of mooting to law students.

Text Books

1. N.R.Madhava Menon, Clinical Legal Education

2. Jenny Chapman, Client Interviewing and Counselling

3. Morgan, Introduction to Psychology


LLB.(Hons) (First Year) IIst Semester

Paper VI

Comparative Constitution

Unit I

United Kingdom: General Features

Constitutional Conventions

The Crown, Parliament, Cabinet System

The Rule of Law, The Party System

Unit II





Federal Judiciary

Method of Amendment

Party System

: General Features

Unit III

Form and Structure of Switz Government

Constitution of Canada

Constitution of Australia

Unit IV

Making of the Constitution of the Fifth Republic

The President and the Government

The National Assembly and the Senate

The Judicial System and Administrative law

The Party System.


1. A. C. Kapoor, Selut Constitution (Hindi & English)

2. V. D. Mahajan, Major Constitution

3. Probhu Dutt Sharma, Vishwa Ke Promukh Sanvidhan


LLB.(Hons) (First Year) IIst Semester

Paper VII

General English-II

Unit I: Grammar, Usages, Comprehension and Composition

Conjunction-Simple and correlative, Phrasal verbs, Reported speech, Reading Comprehension,

Word meaning/using them in sentences, Extracts from Law Text books, Legal documents,

Reports and court judgements, Formal correspondence/ note taking.

Unit II: Précis Writing

Précis Writing ( 50 to 100 words), Short question-answers

Unit III

: Essay Writing on the topic of legal interest

Unit IV: Legal Terms

Foreign legal words and phrases, Latin Maxims, Translation from Hindu to English & Viceversa.


1. Ministry of Law, Justice & Company Affair, Govt. of India: Legal Glossary

2. Herbirt Brown, A solution of Legal Maxims (Reprint 1988), Sweet & Maxwell

3. Black’s Law Dictionary (2000), Universal, Delhi

4. Broom’s Legal Maxim (2000), Universal, Delhi

5. G.S.Sharma, Legal Language, Legal Writing and General English


LLB.(Hons) (Second Year) IIIst Semester

Paper I


Unit –I: Introduction

Nature and scope of Jurisprudence

Need for study of Jurisprudence

Linkage between Jurisprudence and other sciences

Unit – II: Schools of Jurisprudence

Natural Law with Indian Perspective

Analytical Positivism, Pure Theory, Legal Realism

Historical Jurisprudence

Unit – III: School of Jurisprudence-II

Sociological Jurisprudence with Indian Perspective

Administration of Justice

Civil and Criminal Justice System

Unit – IV: Sources of Law





Boderheimer-Jurisprudence-The Philosophy & Method of Law (1996) Unversal, Delhi

R.W.M. Dias-Jurisprudence (1994) Indian Reprint-Adithya Books, Delhi

Fitzgerald-Salmond on Jurisprudence (1999), Tripathi, Bombay

Dhyani SN-Jurisprudence-A Study of Indian Legal Theory (1985)


LLB.(Hons) (Second Year) IIIst Semester

Paper II

Law of Contract-I

Unit I: Formation of Contract

Meaning and nature of contract

Offer/Proposal: Definition, Communication, Revocation, General/Specific offer, Invitation of


Acceptance: Definition, Communication, Revocation, Provisional acceptance, Tenders/Auctions

Unit II: Consideration and Capacity

Consideration: Definition, Essentials, Privity of Contract, Exception Section 2(d) 25

Capacity to enter into a contract; Minor’s Position, Nature/effect of minor’s agreements.

Unit III: Validity, Discharge and Performance of Contract

Free Consent

Coercion, Undue influence, Misrepresentation, Fraud, Mistake

Unlawful consideration and object

Effect of void, voidable, valid, illegal, unlawful and uncertain agreement/contracts

Discharge of Contracts


Time and Place of performance


Impossibility of performance and frustration

Breach: Anticipatory & Present

Unit IV: Remedies and Quasi Contracts

Remedies: Damages, Kinds, Remoteness etc., Injunction, Specific Performance, Quantum Meruit.

Quasi Contract (Section 68-72)

Act: Indian Contract Act, 1872


1. Beatsen (ed.)-Anson's Law of Contract: (27th Ed. 1998)

2. Anson-Law of Contract (1998), Universal, Delhi

3. Pollock and Mulla-Indian Contract Act

4. Avtar Singh-Law of Contract, Eastern Book Co.(Lucknow)

5. S.K.Kapoor- Samvidha Vidhi (Hindi)


LLB.(Hons) (Second Year) IIIst Semester

Paper III

Law of Tort-I

Unit-I: Introduction and Principle in Tort

Nature & Definition of Tort

Development of Tort

Tort distinguished from Contract, Crime and Breach of Trust

Cyber tort

Unit-II:General Condition of Liability in Tort

Wrongful Act

Legal Damage

Damnum sine Injuria

Injuria sine Damnum

Legal Remedy-Ubi jus ibi remedium

Mental Element in Tort

Motive, Intention, Malice and its Kinds

Malfeasance, Misfeasance and non-feasance

Fault whether essential

Unit III

Justification of Tort

Volenti non fit injuria

Act of God

Inevitable accidents

Plaintiff’s default

Private defence

Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Act

Parental and Quasi-Parental authority

Acts causing slight harm

Unit-IV: Remedies and Damages

Personal Capacity

Who can not sued

Who can not be sued

General Remedies in Tort

Damages and its kinds

Remoteness of Damage (In Re Prolemis & Wagon Mount Case)

Judicial and Extra Judicial Remedies

Joint Tort feasors

Vicarious Liability


1. Salmond & Heuston-On the Law of Torts (2000), Universal, Delhi

2. D.D.Basu, The Law of Torts (1982) Kamal, Calcutta.

3. Winfield & Jolowiz on Tort (1999) Sweet and Maxwell, London

4. Ratan Lal & Dhiraj Law-The Law of Torts (1997) Universal, Delhi

5. R.K.Bangia, Law of Torts


LLB.(Hons) (Second Year) IIIst Semester

Paper IV

Family Law-I

Hindu Law


Nature , Who is Hindu & Sources of Hindu Law

Hindu Marriage Act, 1955: (Sec.5-23)

Unit –II

Maintenance Under Hindu Marriage Act (Sec.24 & 25)

Maintenance Under Hindu Adoption And Maintenance Act, 1956 (Sec.18, 19 & 20)

Adoption: Essential & Effect (Sec.6 to 12 of HA&MA, 1956)

Kinds and Powers of guardian under Hindu Minority & Guardianship Act, 1956 (Sec.6-13)

Muslim Law

Unit –III

Nature & Sources of Muslim Law, Who is Muslim?

Muslim Marriage: Essentials, Option of puberty, Kinds of Marriage under Sunni Law & Shia


Mehr: Definition, Concept, Kinds of Dower, Rights of Wife in case of Unpaid Mehr

Unit-IV: Divorce

Classification of Divorce

Maintenance of Wife Under Muslim personal law, Cr.P.C and Muslim Women (Protection of

Right on Divorce) Act, 1986

Parentage and Legitimacy

Kinds and Powers of guardian


1. Hindu Marriage Act, 1955

2. Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956

3. Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956

3. Muslim Women (Protection of Right on Divorce) Act, 1986


1. J.D.M. Derrett- Hindu Law

2. Mulla -Hindu Law, (18th Ed. 2002) Butterworth Publication

3. Paras Diwan, Hindu Law, Allahabad Law Agency

4. Dr.R.K.Singh, Hindu Law (Hindi), Allahabad Law Agency

5. Kusum & P.P.Sexena, Lecture on Hindu Law, Butterworthe Publication Hi


LLB.(Hons) (Second Year) IIIst Semester

Paper V

Law of Crimes-I

Unit-I: Introduction to Substantive Criminal Law

Extent and operation of the Indian Penal Code

Definition of crime

Fundamental elements of crime

Stage of a crime; Intention, Preparation, Attempt, Commission (i) Essentials of the attempt,

Impossible attempt, attempt and preparation distinguished

Unit-II: General Explanations and Exceptions (Sec.76-106)

(i)Definition (ii) Constructive joint liability (iii) Mistake (iv) Judicial and Executive acts (v)

Accident (vi) Necessity (vii) Infancy (viii) Insanity (ix) Intoxication (x) Consent (xi) Good faith

(xii) Private defence

Unit-III: Abetment and Criminal Conspiracy (Sec.107 to 114; Sec 120-A,B)

Unit-IV: Punishment


Punishment under the IPC: Fine, Life-Imprisonment, Death Sentence

Deterrent, Retributive, Preventive, Expiatory and Reformative Theory


The Indian Penal Code, 1860


1. Pillai, PSA, Criminal Law

2. Jeroma Hall, Principles of Criminal Law

3. R.C.Nigam, Criminal Law

4. Ratan Lal & Dhiraj Law, Indian Penal Code

5. K.D.Gaur, Criminal Law cases and materials


LLB.(Hons) (Second Year) IIIst Semester

Paper VI

Constitutional Law Of India-I

Unit-I: Constitution

Definition and Classification

Sources of Constitution

Constitutional Conventions

Salient features of Indian Constitution

Rule of Law

Separation of powers

Unit-II: Distributive of Powers between Center and States

Legislative Powers - Administrative Powers - Financial Power

Doctrine of Territorial Nexus–Doctrine of Harmonious Construction-Doctrine of Pith and

Substance-Doctrine of Repugnancy

Unit-III: Constitutional Organs

(a) Parliament (b) Parliamentary Sovereignty (iii) Parliamentary Privileges (iv) Anti Defection

Law (v) Executive Power (vi) Collective Responsibility of Cabinet (vii) Judiciary-Jurisdiction of

Supreme Court and High Courts (viii) Independence of Judiciary

(ix) Public Interest Litigation (x) Power of Judicial Review (xi) Doctrine of Political Question


Contractual and Tortious Liability of State, Right to Property and Freedom of Trade &


Emergency Provisions, Amendment of Constitution, Doctrine of Basic Structure,


1. The Constitution of India, 1950


1. D.D.Basu, Shorter Constitution of India, 2001 Wadhwa, Nagpur

2. H.M.Seervai, Constitution of India, Tripathi Bombay

3. V.N.Shukla, Constitution of India, Eastern Book Co. Lko.

4. M.P.Jain, Constitution of India, Wadhwa Nagpur

5. B.K.Sharma, Introduction to Constitution of India, Prentice Hall.


LLB.(Hons) (Second Year) IIIst Semester

Paper VII

Public International Law-I

Unit- I

Definition and nature, General and Regional rules of International Law, Distinction between

public International Law and Private International Law, Hogo Grotius, Is International Law true

Law? Sanctions of observance of International Law, Sources of International Law (Article 38,

Statute of the International Court of Justice), Relationship between international law and

municipal law (Monism, Dualism, British, American and Indian Practice), Subject of

international law (Various thories), Individual as subject of international law. The essential

characteristics of a State in International Law, Micro States, Sovereignty of States,

Condominium, Vassal States and protectorates, Holy See, Commonwealth of Nations.

Unit- II

Recognition-Definition of State Recognition, Recognition of Government, Theories of

Recognition, Recognition De Jure and De Facto, The Duty to Recognize, Legal Effect of

Recognition, Withdrawl of Recognition, Retroactive effect of Recognition.

States Succession: Definition and Kinds of Succession, consequences of state s uccession,

Succession in respect of International Ogranisation.

Intervention: Definition and its Prohibition, Grounds of Intervention. Intervention by invitation.

State Jurisdiction-Territorial Jurisdiction and its limitations.

State Responsibility-Kinds of State Responsibility, Consequences of State Responsibility.

Unit- III:

State Terrotory: Concept, modes of acquisition, International Rivers

Air Space: Various Throies, Aerial Navigation (Five freedom of Air), Outer Space Treaty, 1967

Law of Sea: Maritime Belt, Contiguous Zone, Continental Shelf, Excclusive Econimic Zone, The

High Seas, Land Locked States, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, Piracy.

Unit IV:

Extradiction: Definition, Purpose of Extradition, Legal Duty, Extradiction of Political Offenders,

Doctrine of Double Criminality, Rule of Speciality

Asylum: Meaning, Right of Asylum, Types of Asylum

Deplomatice Agents: Who are Diplomatic Agent? Classification of Heads of Mission, Function

of Diplomatic Agents, The basis of Immunities and Privileges, Privileges and Immunities, Waiver

of Immunity, Termination of Dip



Social Insititutions : Varna, Jati, Gotra, Pr



Sources : Vedic texts, Brahmanas, Sutras (Kalpa and Dharma), Dharma Shastra, Arthashastra,


Thinkers-Manu, Brihaspati, Yajnavalkya

Judicial System

(i) Types of Court: Pratishita, Apratishta, Mudrita, Sasita, Guilds, Panchayats, Kantakasodhana,


(ii) Procedures: Appointment of judges, Trial, Witness, Pleaders, Secret agent, Ve

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